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A Brief History of Espresso

posted 31 Oct 2010, 11:20 by Sam Mbale

Extracted from the seed of cherries growing on coffee trees,
coffee is grown extensively in fifty-three countries across
the equator. You can find gourmet coffee in most grocery
stores, specialty shops, restaurants and coffee shops. If
you are a true connoisseur, you might compare gourmet coffee
to a wonderful bottle of wine.

Luigi Bezzera, the owner of a manufacturing business
invented Espresso at the turn of the century.  Luigi Bezzera
was simply trying to figure out a way to brew coffee faster.
He figured if he could just add pressure to the brewing
process it would speed things up.  Thus the "Fast Coffee
Machine was created.

His idea of a fast cup of coffee turned out much better than
he had planned, what he ended up with is a better, fuller
tasting cup of strong coffee, as well as a much faster
process.  He found that the quicker more efficient brewing
method allowed for the quality of the beans to be extracted
as opposed to over extracting he had previously experienced.
 The term "Espresso" means fast in italian, hence the term.

It wasn't until later when Desidero Pavoni purchased the
rights from Mr. Bezzera for the espresso machine that it
became popular.  Pavoni was extremely successful in
marketing the product and probably changed the way people
drink coffee from then on.  Just look around!  Coffee and
Espresso shops are popping up everywhere; even in the U.S.
it has become not only popular for the delicious beans, but
has given us a new place to socialize.

Espresso Timeline: In 1901 Luigi Bezzera filed a patent for
the espresso machine that contained a boiler and four
"groups". Each group could take different size filters that
contained the coffee.  Boiling water was forced through the
coffee and into a cup.  Ambrogio Fumagelli says that this
was the birth of (fast) espresso coffee.

In 1903 Luigi Bezzera's patent was then purchased by
Desiderio Pavoni and put to market in a big way.

In 1905 The Pavoni company begins manufacturing the espresso
machines soley based on Bezzera's patent.

In 1927 First espresso machine was installed in the United
States.  It was a La Pavoni Espresso Machine installed at
Regio's in New York.

In 1938 Cremonesi designed a piston pump that forced hot
water through the coffee.  It was installed at Achille
Gaggia's coffee bar.

In 1946 Gaggia begins manufacturing the commercial piston
machine.  Resulting foam or cream layered coffee or cafe'.

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Article by TARKITIM